The SMARTEES Project ended in October 2021. This website is no longer being updated. Access all project content and information, in the above menu and try out the Policy Sandbox Tool channeling the research done in the project.


SMARTEES has since 2018 been analysing social innovations in sustainable energy- and mobility transitions, producing many scientific articles and resources to help support further reseach and action in the field. Watch the video below gathering the main findings from the project and explore the SMARTEES ResearchGate page to see the project's scientific peer-reviewed publications. 

Learn more about the SMARTEES main findings here and see the summaries here  by topic, and by clicking on the images below: Theoretical Frameworks - Social Simulation of Social Innovation Scenarios - Social Innovations IRLChoice Behaviour and Energy Usage - Equality and the Energy Union - Future Policy Scenarios.





SMARTEES – Social Innovation Modelling Approaches to Realizing Transition to Energy Efficiency and Sustainability – is a transdisciplinary research project which aims to support the energy transition and improve policy design by developing alternative and robust policy pathways that foster citizen inclusion and take local peculiarities into account.


To reach these objectives, SMARTEES examines five types of energy- and mobility-related local social innovation in ten front-runner cities and islands across Europe. The results stemming from this analysis will then feed into the development of a policy sandbox tool. Using a comprehensive modelling approach, this tool will help forecast the effects of policy measures and social innovation in similar local contexts, thereby supporting the improvement of policy design and decision-making. Through these means, the project will contribute to achieving a resilient, low-carbon and climate-friendly Energy Union that puts citizens at its core.


The SMARTEES project ended in October 2021.


An array of pilot projects linked to the energy transition towards a low-carbon society were successfully implemented locally across Europe in recent decades. Of these, the SMARTEES project has selected five types of social innovation as part of a multi-method analysis to study the socio-economic and structural drivers of each. These five case study clusters, more specifically, consider the domains of consumer-driven renewable energy production, energy efficiency in buildings, and low-carbon regional transport, with a particular focus on consumer empowerment. Each cluster draws on the experiences of two cases, which proved to be reference models for other cities and regions, and includes four follower cities or islands as part of an effort to upscale and replicate the innovations in different contexts.


The experiences of the following front-runner cities and islands serve as reference points for each of the five social innovation clusters analysed within the scope of the SMARTEES project.


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 763912. The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the SMARTEES project. It does not necessarily represent the opinion of the European Union.